Monday, April 25, 2011

Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "give"

Let’s have a look at the verb ‘to give’ combined with particles. Here are some of the most common expressions:

to give away’ means to give something for free, for no payment.

* In this issue of the magazine, they are giving away a free CD
* I gave away all my old clothes that were too small for me.

to give back’ means to return something borrowed.

* I still have your book at home. I must remember to give you it back.
* Every time he borrows money from me, he never gives it back.

to give in’ means to stop making an effort.

* You’re doing really well. Don’t give in now. Keep going.
* He has refused again and again. He’s not going to give in and change his mind.

to give out’ means to distribute.

* As people arrive, can you give out these questionnaires for them to fill in.
* He was giving out leaflets on the street.

to give out’ means to break down or stop working from tiredness or overuse

* It was a very old machine. It’s not surprising it has given out.
* My car finally gave out last week. I will have to buy a new one.

to give up’ means to stop doing something permanently.

* I haven’t had a cigarette for over a month. I have given up smoking.
* I have given up playing football. I’m too old for it.

to give up’ means to abandon or end, a search for example.

* The key is nowhere to be found. We have given up looking for it.
* I’ve given up waiting for him. He is not going to come so I’m going home.


Tuesday, April 19, 2011

Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "get Part 2"

Here is the second part about using the verb ‘to get’ combined with particles:

to get behind’ means to be late or behind schedule.

* I’ll stay late and finish it today. I don’t want to get behind with my work.
* We don’t want to get behind schedule on this project.

to get into’ means to become involved in, for example trouble or debt.

* I thought he’d get into trouble after the problems he caused.
* We got into debt when we had a lot of unexpected bills to pay.

to get on’ means to have a good relationship.

* I like working with him. We get on really well.
* He’s not an easy person. I don’t get on with him very well.

to get on’ can also mean to continue an activity.

* I must get on or I will never get this report finished.
* I can’t get on. He is always interrupting and asking me to jobs for him.

to get out’ means to leave a car or building

* I often don’t get out of work until after seven pm.
* After the accident, the door was stuck and I couldn’t get out of the car.

to get out of’ means to avoid doing something.

* I don’t want to do it. How can I get out of it?
* He is always getting out of the difficult jobs and I have to do them!

to get over’ means to communicate, to make people understand.

* They are not convinced. I didn’t get my ideas over very well.
* I just can’t get over the idea we need to be more careful. They just don’t want to understand.

to get over’ can also mean to recover from something.

* I still don’t feel very well. I haven’t got over that bad cold.
* She has not got over Richard. He broke her heart.

to get round to’ means to finally do something after a time

* Two months later, he finally got round to finishing that report.
* I’m sorry but I haven’t done it yet. I haven’t got round to it.

to get through’ means to contact by phone

* I’ve been trying all day. I can’t get through to her.
* I rang her ten times. I didn’t get through until almost seven in the evening.


Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "get Part 1"

This lesson is the first in two lessons about using the verb ‘to get’ combined with particles. Here are some of the most common:

to get across’ means to communicate, make people understand.

* I’m not sure I got that across very well. I don’t think they really understood.
* He’s an excellent speaker. He can get across even the most complicated ideas.

to get away’ means to go on holiday.

* We had a lovely holiday. We got away for a few days on the beach.
* I don’t think we can get away until the end of the month. We’re too busy.

to get back’ means to return from a trip or a journey.

* She’s still in Taiwan. She doesn’t get back until next week.
* I get back on Friday afternoon. I’ll call you then.

to get back’ can also mean to have returned something you lent to someone.

* I lent him some money last year and I never got it back.
* We have only got back fifty percent of the questionnaires we gave out.

to get back to’ = to speak again with someone or to return a phone call

* When I have more information, I’ll get back to you.
* He got back to me yesterday afternoon with his answer.

to get by’ means to just have enough money or to just manage financially

* At the end of the month, I have no money left. It is difficult to get by on my salary.
* If we are careful, we can get by on less than $20 a day.

to get down to’ means to start some work or a task

* If everybody is here, let’s get down to business.
* I didn’t start it until the last moment. I just couldn’t get down to it.

to get in’ means to arrive home or at the office

* I’m really tired this morning. I didn’t get in until after midnight last night.
* He’s always the last to arrive. He never gets in before 9.30.

to get in’ can also mean to enter

* He opened the door so I could get in the car.
* You need to have some photo id to get in the company.

to get off’ means to leave a bus, train or plane

* Take the 23 bus and get off at the last stop. I live very near there.
* To go to the National Gallery, take the underground and get off at Trafalgar Square.


Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "fall Part 2"

These English phrasal verb exercises continue looking at ‘to fall’ combined with particles. Here are some more of the most common:

to fall in with’ means to become friendly with a group.

* He stopped going to school when he fell in with a bad crowd.
* At university, she fell in with a group that introduced her to the theatre.

to fall into’ a category or group means that it belongs to that group.

* It isn’t a romantic comedy or a drama. It doesn’t really fall into either category.
* The work falls into three distinct parts; administrative, planning and financial.

to fall off’ means to separate from something it was attached to.

* When I got home I was surprised to see that picture had fallen off the wall.
* I still haven’t picked up the apples that fell off during the strong winds last week.

to fall off’ also means to become less or lower.

* Demand for our products is falling off in Europe although it remains high in America.
* The number of tourists falls off during the wet season but quickly goes back up as soon as it is over.

to fall out’ means to have an argument and no longer be friendly with that person.

* It’s not that important. I don’t want to fall out over it.
* They fell out over money when they started a business together and haven’t spoken since.

to fall out’ also means something drops to the ground from the container it was in.

* When I opened the cupboard, it fell out and broke on the floor.
* I held on very tightly to the side of the boat. I couldn’t swim so I didn’t want to fall out.

to fall over’ means to become unbalanced and end up lying on the ground.

* I tripped on the edge of the sidewalk and fell over into the road.
* During the play, some of the stage set fell over and hit one of the actors on the head.

to fall through’ is used about a plan or arrangement that goes wrong and cannot be completed.

* I’m not doing anything this weekend. Our plans have fallen through.
* The deal fell through when the seller started demanding too much money.


Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "fall Part 1"

These exercises are about using the verb ‘to fall’ combined with particles. Here are some of the most common:

to fall apart’ means to break into pieces because it is badly made.

* It was a cheap dress. The first time I wore it, it fell apart.
* I had terrible problems assembling the shelves, then they fell apart as soon as I put something on them.

to fall apart’ also means to stop working properly or efficiently.

* The group fell apart when two or three members left and no one replaced them.
* Without Joe’s leadership, the department just fell apart and was unable to work as it had before.

to fall back on something’ means to use something when everything else has failed, to use something reliable.

* If I don’t get this job, I don’t have any savings to fall back on.
* They don’t have very much capital to fall back on if this venture fails.

to fall behind’ means to do something more slowly than others so that you are behind.

* I couldn’t walk as fast as everyone else and soon fell behind.
* When she fell behind the other runners, no one thought she would catch up and win the race.

to fall behind’ also means to not be on schedule.

* We didn’t want to fall behind so we worked late into the night.
* The problems we have had mean that we have fallen behind and won’t meet the deadline.

to fall down’ means to go from a vertical position to the ground.

* The old oak tree in the garden fell down in the storm.
* I slipped on the sidewalk and fell down and hurt my back.

to fall down’ means an argument or an idea is not complete or doesn’t work.

* That’s where your argument falls down. What you say isn’t logical.
* This is the difficult part where everyone falls down. Nobody knows how to do it.

to fall for’ means to fall in love with.

* He is besotted. He has really fallen for her in a big way.
* He fell for her the first time he saw her and asked her to marry him the second time!

to fall for’ also means to be taken in by a trick or something that is not true.

* That is such an obvious lie. Nobody is going to fall for that.
* He told me he was going to invest the money for me and I fell for it.


Sunday, April 17, 2011

Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "do"

These exercises are about using the verb ‘to do ‘ combined with particles:

‘to do away with’ means to get rid of something or to stop using something.

* We did away with all the old equipment and invested in some new.
* Let’s do away with formality and use first names.

to be done in’ is used to mean you are very tired, totally exhausted.

* When I got home, I collapsed into bed. I was completely done in.
* Working in the garden really did me in. I’m going to have an early night.

to do out’ means to clean and tidy a place thoroughly.

* I’ve done my wardrobes out and given away all my old clothes.
* I can’t get the car in the garage anymore. I’m going to have to do it out and make some space.

to do out in’ means to decorate a place in a certain color or style.

* The bedroom was done out in blue and looked very cold.
* The whole house was done out in a country style with lots of wood and flowers everywhere.

to do over’ means to do something again.

* I don’t like it, so I have decided to do it over and paint it another color.
* I had to do it over because my computer crashed and I hadn’t saved it.

to do up’ means to fasten something.

* Can you do the zip up for me, please? I can’t do it myself.
* Do up your laces before you trip over them.

to do up’ also means to renovate an old building or house.

* They bought an old house in France and spent a few years doing it up.
* Old warehouses along the river have been done up and made into beautiful flats.

to do with’ is used to explain there is a connection from one thing to another.

* It’s got nothing to do with me. I’m not responsible for that.
* He’s something to do with health but I don’t think he is a doctor.

to do with’ is also used to say that you would like to have something.

* I could do with something to eat. I haven’t eaten since breakfast.
* I could do with a good night’s sleep. I haven’t had one for weeks.

to do without’ means you manage to live despite not having something.

* I forgot to buy milk so we’ll just have to do without.
* I don’t need your help. I can do without it.