Tuesday, December 7, 2010

Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "stop"

These exercises are about using the verb ‘to stop ‘ combined with particles:

to stop away’ means to deliberately not go back to a place.

* Since the beach was polluted by petrol, people have been stopping away.
* After the terrorist attacks on London, tourists stopped away for a while.

to stop back’ means to return to a place at a later time.

* I didn’t have time to talk so I told him to stop back later when I had some free time.
* I’ll stop back on the way home from work and see how you are.

to stop behind’ means to stay in a place after everyone else has left.

* I stopped behind after the meeting to talk to Bill.
* Stop behind after class so I can give you some extra work to do.

‘to stop by’ means to visit a place quickly.

* I’m going to stop by Jim’s house on the way home.
* Stop by for a coffee when you are next here.

to stop in’ means to not go out.

* I’m not going to the cinema with them this evening. I’ve decided to stop in.
* I’m stopping in and watching TV tonight. I can’t afford to go out.

to stop off’ means to stay in a place in the middle of a journey.

* We stopped off in Paris on the way to Nice to visit some friends.
* I’ll stop off at the shops on the way home and buy some bread.

to stop out’ means to stay out late at night.

* When I was a student, I often stopped out all night and came home for breakfast.
* He often stops out all night during the holidays and comes home at dawn.

to stop over’ means to spend a night in a place in the middle of a journey.

* On the way to Australia, we are stopping over in Singapore.
* On the round the world ticket, we can stop over in five different countries.

to stop up’ means to not go to bed until much later than usual.

* Don’t stop up too late. You’ve got school tomorrow.
* We all stopped up until midnight to see the New Year in.





Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "stay"

Now let’s look at some common expressions using the verb ‘to stay’ combined with particles:

to stay ahead’ of someone or something means to remain in a better position than them

* We have to invest in new equipment if we want to stay ahead of the competition.
* The company is always looking for a way to stay ahead of the others.

to stay away from’ someone or a place means to avoid them, not to go near them.

* I told you to stay away from that part of town, it is dangerous.
* I prefer to stay away from discussing politics. It always causes an argument.

to stay behind’ means to remain in a place after everyone else has left.

* The teacher asked me to stay behind after class to finish my work.
* I stayed behind after the meeting to discuss a few things that were not on the agenda.

to stay in’ means to not go out but to remain at home.

* I’m going to stay in tonight and get an early night.
* We didn’t go out. We stayed in and watched TV yesterday evening.

to stay off’ means to not go to work or school.

* Stay off until you’re feeling better. Don’t come in to work tomorrow.
* I stayed off for three days until I felt better.

to stay on’ means to remain in a place or job longer than planned.

* He stayed on as a consultant after he retired as chairman.
* You can leave school at sixteen but I stayed on until I was eighteen.

to stay out’ means to remain away from home.

* We stayed out all night and took the subway home as people were going to work.
* As I was leaving, my mother told me not to stay out too late.

to stay out of’ something means to not get involved or take part.

* Stay out of this. It doesn’t concern you.
* I’m staying out of this. I don’t want to get involved.

to stay over’ means to spend the night at someone’s instead of leaving.

* Why don’t you stay over? You’re going to miss the last train.
* I stayed over at my friend’s because I don’t like driving at night.

to stay up’ means to not go to bed at the usual time.

* I’m really tired today. I stayed up until two last night.
* He stayed up all last night working. He had an essay to finish.





Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "stand" part 2

Here are some more common expressions using the verb ‘to stand’ combined with particles:

to stand in’ means to replace or represent someone for a short time.

* I’ll ask one of my colleagues to stand in while I’m away.
* Another actor stood in for him while he was ill.

to stand out’ means to be much better than similar things or people.

* One person stands out from all the candidates that we have met.
* There is one solution that stands out clearly as the best.

to stand out’ also means to be noticeable because they are very different from others.

* With her height and red hair, she always stands out in a crowd.
* Children never want to stand out but to be just like everyone else.

to stand over’ means to supervise closely, watch what someone is doing.

* She stood over me while I did the work just to be sure that I had done it properly.
* I had to stand over my children otherwise they didn’t do their homework.

to stand round’ means to spend time standing, waiting for someone or something or doing nothing.

* They just stood round and watched. They didn’t help.
* We stood round in the cold for half an hour waiting for them to arrive.

to stand up’ means to rise into a standing position.

* At school, we had to stand up whenever a teacher entered the room.
* When she came in the room, everyone stood up to greet her.

to stand someone up’ means to fail to meet them on purpose, usually for a romantic date.

* He didn’t come. He stood me up!
* I waited in the restaurant for an hour before I realised I’d been stood up.

to stand up for’ something means to defend it because you believe in it.

* You have to stand up for what you believe in.
* You have to stand up for yourself, no one else will.

to stand up to’ means to not give in to someone in a powerful position, to argue your case

* He was never afraid to stand up to his father even when he was very small.
* The management is too weak to stand up to the union and their demands.