Tuesday, December 7, 2010

Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "stop"

These exercises are about using the verb ‘to stop ‘ combined with particles:

to stop away’ means to deliberately not go back to a place.

* Since the beach was polluted by petrol, people have been stopping away.
* After the terrorist attacks on London, tourists stopped away for a while.

to stop back’ means to return to a place at a later time.

* I didn’t have time to talk so I told him to stop back later when I had some free time.
* I’ll stop back on the way home from work and see how you are.

to stop behind’ means to stay in a place after everyone else has left.

* I stopped behind after the meeting to talk to Bill.
* Stop behind after class so I can give you some extra work to do.

‘to stop by’ means to visit a place quickly.

* I’m going to stop by Jim’s house on the way home.
* Stop by for a coffee when you are next here.

to stop in’ means to not go out.

* I’m not going to the cinema with them this evening. I’ve decided to stop in.
* I’m stopping in and watching TV tonight. I can’t afford to go out.

to stop off’ means to stay in a place in the middle of a journey.

* We stopped off in Paris on the way to Nice to visit some friends.
* I’ll stop off at the shops on the way home and buy some bread.

to stop out’ means to stay out late at night.

* When I was a student, I often stopped out all night and came home for breakfast.
* He often stops out all night during the holidays and comes home at dawn.

to stop over’ means to spend a night in a place in the middle of a journey.

* On the way to Australia, we are stopping over in Singapore.
* On the round the world ticket, we can stop over in five different countries.

to stop up’ means to not go to bed until much later than usual.

* Don’t stop up too late. You’ve got school tomorrow.
* We all stopped up until midnight to see the New Year in.





Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "stay"

Now let’s look at some common expressions using the verb ‘to stay’ combined with particles:

to stay ahead’ of someone or something means to remain in a better position than them

* We have to invest in new equipment if we want to stay ahead of the competition.
* The company is always looking for a way to stay ahead of the others.

to stay away from’ someone or a place means to avoid them, not to go near them.

* I told you to stay away from that part of town, it is dangerous.
* I prefer to stay away from discussing politics. It always causes an argument.

to stay behind’ means to remain in a place after everyone else has left.

* The teacher asked me to stay behind after class to finish my work.
* I stayed behind after the meeting to discuss a few things that were not on the agenda.

to stay in’ means to not go out but to remain at home.

* I’m going to stay in tonight and get an early night.
* We didn’t go out. We stayed in and watched TV yesterday evening.

to stay off’ means to not go to work or school.

* Stay off until you’re feeling better. Don’t come in to work tomorrow.
* I stayed off for three days until I felt better.

to stay on’ means to remain in a place or job longer than planned.

* He stayed on as a consultant after he retired as chairman.
* You can leave school at sixteen but I stayed on until I was eighteen.

to stay out’ means to remain away from home.

* We stayed out all night and took the subway home as people were going to work.
* As I was leaving, my mother told me not to stay out too late.

to stay out of’ something means to not get involved or take part.

* Stay out of this. It doesn’t concern you.
* I’m staying out of this. I don’t want to get involved.

to stay over’ means to spend the night at someone’s instead of leaving.

* Why don’t you stay over? You’re going to miss the last train.
* I stayed over at my friend’s because I don’t like driving at night.

to stay up’ means to not go to bed at the usual time.

* I’m really tired today. I stayed up until two last night.
* He stayed up all last night working. He had an essay to finish.





Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "stand" part 2

Here are some more common expressions using the verb ‘to stand’ combined with particles:

to stand in’ means to replace or represent someone for a short time.

* I’ll ask one of my colleagues to stand in while I’m away.
* Another actor stood in for him while he was ill.

to stand out’ means to be much better than similar things or people.

* One person stands out from all the candidates that we have met.
* There is one solution that stands out clearly as the best.

to stand out’ also means to be noticeable because they are very different from others.

* With her height and red hair, she always stands out in a crowd.
* Children never want to stand out but to be just like everyone else.

to stand over’ means to supervise closely, watch what someone is doing.

* She stood over me while I did the work just to be sure that I had done it properly.
* I had to stand over my children otherwise they didn’t do their homework.

to stand round’ means to spend time standing, waiting for someone or something or doing nothing.

* They just stood round and watched. They didn’t help.
* We stood round in the cold for half an hour waiting for them to arrive.

to stand up’ means to rise into a standing position.

* At school, we had to stand up whenever a teacher entered the room.
* When she came in the room, everyone stood up to greet her.

to stand someone up’ means to fail to meet them on purpose, usually for a romantic date.

* He didn’t come. He stood me up!
* I waited in the restaurant for an hour before I realised I’d been stood up.

to stand up for’ something means to defend it because you believe in it.

* You have to stand up for what you believe in.
* You have to stand up for yourself, no one else will.

to stand up to’ means to not give in to someone in a powerful position, to argue your case

* He was never afraid to stand up to his father even when he was very small.
* The management is too weak to stand up to the union and their demands.





Sunday, November 21, 2010

Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "stand" part 1

Now let’s look at the verb ‘to stand’. Here are some common expressions using this verb combined with particles:

to stand around’ mean to stand in a place doing very little or waiting for something.

* We just stood around for half an hour waiting for the concert to begin.
* Lots of teenagers just stand around on street corners because they have nothing to do.

to stand aside’ means to move to a position where you do not block others.

* I told everyone to stand aside to let them pass.
* Everyone stood aside to let the rescue workers pass.

to stand back’ means to move a short distance away from something.

* Please stand back from the objects. You must not touch them.
* You can see the paintings better if you stand back a little.

to stand back’ also means to take a bit of distance from a problem in order to understand it

* It‘s difficult to stand back and be objective when you are talking about your children.
* We need to stand back and think about this.

to stand by’ means to be waiting and ready for something.

* Riot Police were standing by in case the demonstration got out of hand.
* Ambulance teams were standing by in case any of the participants got into difficulties.

to stand by’ also means to continue to support someone or something.

* We stand by our decision in spite of the opposition to it.
* His wife stood by him through the scandal.

to stand down’ mean to leave or resign from an important position.

* The Prime Minister stood down after the defeat in the elections.
* Even though he still had the support of the shareholders, he decided to stand down.

to stand for’ means is an abbreviation for.

* BBC stands for British Broadcasting Corporation.
* What does PGCE stand for?

to stand for’ can mean to support or represent an idea or attitude.

* I agree with everything that Greenpeace stand for.
* The Conservative Party stands for family values.

to stand for’ also means to accept someone’s behavior without complaining.

* I don’t see why I should stand for his bad behaviour.
* I don’t know how she stands for it. He’s impossible to live with.





Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "sit"

Now let’s look at the verb ‘to sit’. Here are some common expressions using this verb combined with particles:

to sit around’ means to spend time doing very little.

* They just sit around and do nothing all day.
* We sat around in the hotel until it stopped raining.

to sit back’ means to wait for something to happen while deliberately not being involved.

* She just sat back and waited for us to do everything.
* You can’t just sit back and expect me to do everything.

to sit down’ means to lower your body into a sitting position.

* We looked for somewhere to sit down.
* She sat down beside me on the sofa and started talking.

to sit in on’ something means to be present during a meeting or event but not participate.

* He asked me to sit in on the discussion and report back to him.
* When I was new to the department, I sat in on meetings to learn the procedures.

to sit on’ a committee or panel means to be a member.

* As the representative of the personnel, I sat on the board of directors.
* He sat on many committees dealing with education.

to sit out’ means to be outside rather than inside.

* While the weather was good, we sat out and had lunch.
* We went to the pub and sat out at the tables in the garden.

to sit out’ something means to wait for it to finish.

* His injury meant that he had to sit out the rest of the competition.
* When it started raining, we decided to sit out the storm in the café.

to sit over’ someone is to watch them very carefully to check up on them.

* I sat over him and made sure he took his medicine.
* She sat over me until I had finished everything.

to sit through’ means to remain until something is finished, especially if it is unpleasant.

* They sat through a very long meeting.
* We had to sit through a very boring lecture before we could go for a drink.

to sit up’ means to not go to bed until it very late.

* I sat up and waited for him to come home.
* She sat up all night to finish her project before the deadline.





Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "set" part 2

Here are some more common expressions using the verb ‘to set’ combined with particles:

to set something off’ means to cause it to start or happen.

* The smoke from my cooking set the smoke alarm off.
* The proposals for a new shopping centre have set off a very heated debate in the town.

to set someone off’ means to start them laughing, crying or talking.

* Every time Jake used that silly voice, it started me off laughing.
* Kelly started crying and that set everybody off too.

to set on’ means to begin a physical attack.

* If I went into the garden, she said she would set the dog on me.
* Coming out of the pub, he was set on by a gang of boys and his money stolen.

to set out’ is to start on a journey.

* We wanted to get there before lunch so we had to set out just before dawn.
* They packed their bags and set out early as they had a long walk.

to set out’ to do something means that you have a clear idea of what you intend to achieve.

* We didn’t achieve what we’d set out to do.
* He didn’t set out to invent the microwave oven. He discovered it while doing other research.

to set out’ facts or opinions is to explain them clearly in writing or in speech.

* All the terms and conditions are set out in this document.
* Your terms of employment are set out in your contract.

to set something out’ is to organize it so that it is ready to use.

* When I arrived all the materials and equipment were set out ready for use.
* The chairs were set out in a circle ready for the class to begin.

to set up’ means to start a company or organization.

* After a few years developing the products, they needed to set up a company to sell them.
* The UN was set up when representatives of fifty countries signed the charter in 1945.

to set up’ also means to make arrangements for a meeting, a committee, or an investigation.

* I’d like to discuss that in more detail. Can we set up a meeting with everyone concerned?
* The government has set up a committee to investigate possible fraud.

to set up’ a structure or building means to erect it.

* It took almost an hour to set up the tent in the rain.
* The Police set up road blocks throughout the county to try to find the thieves.





Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "set" part 1

The next verb we’re going to look at is ‘to set’ combined with particles. Here are the first of the most common:

to set about’ is to dealing with something in a particular way.

* I need to find a new flat but I’m not sure how to set about looking for one.
* I don’t think you are setting about it the right way.

to set against’ means balance one thing against another.

* The advantages are not so big when set against the disadvantages.
* We can set our expenses against the tax.

to be set against’ something means to be opposed to doing it.

* He won’t change his mind. He is absolutely set against it.
* His parents were set against him becoming a musician and made him study engineering.

to set aside’ means to use something, often time or money, for a specific purpose.

* I have enough money for the deposit set aside.
* I’ve set aside Monday and Tuesday to work on it.

to set back’ is to cause a delay.

* Bad weather was the reason that the launch of the rocket was set back until Monday.
* The whole project has been set back by the late delivery of some of the parts.

to set down’ something you are holding means to put it down.

* She lifted up the teapot but set it down again without pouring any tea.
* The waitress set down an enormous plate of steak and salad in front of me.

to set down’ your ideas or some facts means to record by writing them.

* Here is the leaflet where we have set down guidelines for our employees.
* We were all asked to set down our views on what had happened.

to set in’ is when something unpleasant starts and seems likely to continue.

* It looks as if the rain has set in for the afternoon.
* Panic didn’t really set in until just before I was due to give my presentation.

to set off’ means to start on a journey.

* Sorry we’re late. We didn’t set off until half past eight.
* The weather was perfect when we set off but it was raining when we got back.





Tuesday, November 2, 2010

Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "send"

Now we are going to look at the verb ‘to send’ combined with particles. Here are some of the most common:

to send away for’ something means to write to an organization to have something delivered to you.

* I couldn’t find it in the local shops. I had to send away for it.
* I don’t know what they are like. I’m going to send away for some samples.

to send back’ means to return something because it is not right or damaged.

* The food was cold when it was served so we sent it back.
* When it arrived, I didn’t like the colour so I sent it back.

to send for’ means to send a message asking someone to come to see you

* The baby was very ill so she sent for the doctor.
* I knew I was in trouble when the boss sent for me.

to send in’ means to send something to an organization.

* Please send in the completed forms before January 31st.
* The TV show is funny family videos that viewers send in.

to send someone in’ means to tell a person to enter a room or office.

* I’d like to speak to James. Can you send him in, please?
* I’m ready now. Can you send in the first patient?

to send off’ means to post a letter or parcel.

* You should have got it by now. I sent it off two days ago.
* I packed everything up and sent it off last week.

to send on’ means to forward a document or mail.

* Here is my new address. Can you send my mail on to me?
* My colleague is dealing with this. I’ll send a copy of your email on so she can deal with it.

to send out’ means to send to a lot of people at the same time.

* The wedding is in two months. We need to send out the invitations.
* We sent out copies of the new brochure to all our existing clients.

to send out’ also means to emit a sound or light.

* This tiny transmitter sends out a signal strong enough to be picked up a kilometre away.
* The phone mast sends out radio waves that some people think are dangerous.

to send out for’ means to phone an order to a restaurant for food to be delivered

* I don’t want to cook. Let’s send out for a pizza.
* It’s almost lunchtime. Shall we send out for some sandwiches or snack.





Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "run" part 2

Let’s continue looking at the verb ‘to run’ combined with particles. Here are some more of the most common expressions:

to run into’ someone means to meet them unexpectedly.

* I ran into Jane in reception. I hadn’t seen her for ages.
* Sara ran into her ex-boyfriend in the supermarket. She said it was very embarrassing.

to run on’ diesel or electricity means to use them for power in order to function.

* The motor runs on electricity so it’s very quiet.
* We have a generator that runs on diesel which we use during power cuts.

to run out of’ something means to have no more left.

* I can’t make a cake, we’ve run out of eggs.
* When I was a student and my money ran out, I lived on pasta.

to run out’ means to pass the time limit or expire.

* I need to get a new passport. It runs out next month.
* I hope they will give me a new contract when my present one runs out at the end of he month.

to run over’ means to hit with a vehicle.

* He’s in hospital. He was run over by a car last night.
* You need to know where everything is in case I’m run over by a bus!

to run through’ means to repeat or rehearse something to practice or check

* We quickly ran through the program to check that everything was OK.
* Can we run through it again just to be sure we haven’t forgotten anything.

to run to’ means to go to someone for help.

* She always runs to me when she needs some help.
* I’m too old to go running to my parents every time I need some money.

to run up’ debts or bills means to owe money.

* He very quickly ran up an enormous debt on his credit card.
* We ran up a big bill in the hotel drinking in the bar.

to run up against’ problems means to meet difficulties unexpectedly.

* We had no idea about the difficulties we would run up against.
* We ran up against a few problems at the beginning but now it’s fine.





Friday, October 22, 2010

Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "run" part 1

Let’s now have a look at the verb ‘to run’ combined with particles. Here are some of the most common expressions:

to run across someone’ means to meet them by accident.

* I hadn’t seen Gloria for ages when I ran across her in the supermarket.
* I ran across an old friend in town today. I hadn’t seen him for ages.

to run around’ means to be very busy doing lots of things.

* I’m always running around trying to get everything done on time.
* I spent all morning running around trying to find the things you needed.

to run away’ means to leave, often secretly, because you’re unhappy.

* He was very unhappy in boarding school and ran away twice.
* She ran away from home at sixteen and went to live with a friend in London.

to run down’ means to move quickly to a place in a lower position.

* When I called her, she ran down so fast she nearly fell.
* When I heard the news I ran down the street to tell Lily who lives at the bottom.

to run down’ also means to deliberately reduce the size of something, for example stock.

* Stock is very expensive. We’re trying to run it down to a minimum.
* They are running the company down by not replacing people who leave.

to run someone down’ means to hit a person when driving your car.

* I was crossing the road when a car nearly ran me down.
* She’s in hospital after being run down by a car on Market Street.

to run into’ problems means to meet or encounter difficulties.

* We ran into huge financial difficulties when the construction went over budget.
* The company has run into difficulties since the introduction of the euro.

to run into’ something when you’re driving means to hit something.

* When I was parking, I ran into a post.
* I didn’t brake quickly enough and ran into the car in front.

to run off’ means to escape or leave a place quickly.

* The boys took some sweets from the shop and ran off laughing.
* She waved goodbye and ran off to play with her friends.

to run off with’ something is to steal it.

* They hit the man and ran off with his wallet and mobile phone.
* The financial manager ran off with half a million of the company’s money.





Tuesday, October 19, 2010

Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "put" part 3

Let’s finish with the verb ‘to put’ combined with particles. Here is the final list of expressions:

to put money towards’ something means to use a sum of money to pay a part of the cost of something.

* When he died, he left me some money which I am going to put towards a house.
* I’m going to put my Christmas bonus towards my summer holiday.

to put up’ a building or structure means to erect.

* Where the old theatre used to be, they have put up a new apartment block.
* They’re putting up a new sports stadium just outside the town.

to put up’ something which is folded means to open it.

* She hit me with her umbrella as she was putting it up.
* It only took fifteen minutes to put up the tent.

to put up’ money means to provide money for a project.

* Without guarantees, the bank won’t put up any money for the project.
* The people in the city put up most of the money for the restoration of the theatre.

to put up’ a price means to increase it.

* We’re not making a profit. We need to put up our prices.
* Their prices are really high now because they have put them up by ten per cent.

to put someone up’ means to let them stay in your home for a short time.

* If you go to Australia, I’m sure some of the family will put you up during your stay.
* I can put you up for a few days while the painters finish your flat.

to put someone up to’ If you put someone up to something you encourage them to do something wrong or silly.

* I don’t think it was his idea. I think someone put him up to it.
* I wonder if John put him up to it. He wouldn’t have done it alone.

to put up with’ something means to tolerate it

* He’s impossible to work with. I don’t know how you put up with him.
* I really don’t like it but I know I’m going to have to put up with it.





Wednesday, October 13, 2010

Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "put" part 2

Let’s continue with more expressions with the verb ‘to put’ combined with particles. Here are some more of the most common ones:

to put on’ a piece of clothing means to place it over a part of the body to wear it.

* It’s cold in here. I’m going to put a sweater on.
* Before going out, he put his boots, coat and hat on.

to put on’ the light means to turn it on.

* It’s dark in here. Can you put the light on, please?
* I didn’t put the light on because I didn’t want to disturb you.

to put on’ weight means to gain a few kilos.

* I must go on a diet, I’ve put five kilos on since the holidays.
* He was looking a little fatter. I think he has put some weight on.

to put out’ a light means to turn it off.

* We don’t need the light now. Could you put it out?
* We put out the light and sat in the dark.

to put out’ something burning means to extinguish it.

* You can’t smoke in here. Please put that cigarette out.
* It took only a few minutes for the fire-fighters to put the fire out.

to put out’ somebody means to cause them extra trouble.

* Please don’t go to any trouble. I don’t want to put you out.
* I’d be happy to do it. You’re not putting me out at all.

to put over’ an idea or opinion means to express it.

* He expresses himself very well and puts his ideas over very clearly.
* I don’t think I put my point of view over very well.

to put someone through’ something means you make them do something unpleasant or to suffer it.

* I’m sorry, we have to do it. But believe me, I really don’t want to put you through it.
* We can’t put him through the ordeal of more surgery. He isn’t strong enough.

to put someone through’ on the phone means to connect the caller to another person.

* Please hold the line, I’m putting you through.
* Good morning. Could you put me through to Mr Davies, please?

to put something together’ means to assemble it.

* This modern flat pack furniture is very easy to put together.
* We’ve put together an excellent team to work on this project.





Chile miners are rescued!!

The whole world jubilated as the first miner trapped underground as deep as 700m below surfaced safely after 69 days.It is a miracle, that these 33 miners have survived for more than 2 months in a dark, hot and humid little space beneath the earth.Hoping for reunification with their loved one become the motivation behind each of them.

Latest news from BBC:The first 14 of 33 miners trapped underground for more than two months in northern Chile have been winched to the surface amid scenes of jubilation.

Well down,Chilean!

Sunday, October 10, 2010

Pearson Brown English Lesson - Phrasal Verb "put"

I have been subscribing Pearson's Bonus English for quite some time. But to be honest, I only did the excersises for twice or so. Am ashamed of my laziness, but sometimes my physical strength and mental ability simply fall short of my will in self-learning.

Let’s continue with more expression with the verb ‘to put’ combined with particles. Here are some more of the most common expressions:

to put forward’ an idea or opinion means to suggest something for discussion.

* A few suggestions have been put forward for consideration.
* Jan put forward a few ideas for raising money for the charity.

to put forward’ a person or a name means to suggest someone for a job or position.

* He put his name forward as a candidate for election.
* I’ve put Peter’s name forward for the post in accounts.

to put in’ means to install new equipment or a new system.

* We have put in a more powerful engine in the new version.
* We’ve just had a new bathroom put in.

to put in’ money means to invest.

* I’ve put a lot of money in this project. I hope to make a good profit.
* I’ve put all my money in government bonds.

to put in for’ means to request a transfer or to apply for a job.

* I hope I get the job in Toronto. I’ve put in for a transfer there.
* She’s put in for the job in the Export department but I don’t think she’s qualified for it.

to put into’ If you put time, money or energy into something, it means that you invest a lot in it.

* I’m not happy with the result even though I’ve put a lot of time into it.
* She put a lot of effort into getting it right.

to put off’ an event means to postpone it to a later time.

* Tomorrow will be too late. Don’t put it off.
* She’s put the wedding off until her father has recovered from his illness.

to put someone off’ means to stop them doing something by disturbing them.

* I wish he would let me work quietly. His talking puts me off my work.
* All the people watching put him off his game. He didn’t play very well at all.

to put someone off’ another person means to make them dislike someone.

* His arrogant attitude puts people off him very quickly.
* The stories I heard about him really put me off him.

to put off’ the light means to switch it off.

* I couldn’t sleep. I finally put the light off at two in the morning.
* Can you put the light off, please? It’ll be easier to see the screen.

Here are the exercises: